College of Nursing - Cebu Normal University
Doctor of Science in Nursing major in Gerontology
There are several research studies on self-control yet no literature can be found to have shown concise account about the mechanism of self-control in old age. The intent of this study is to explore and gain an understanding thereof with the aim of generating a substantive theory. The Grounded Theory methodology developed by Glaser & Strauss was utilized to generate a substantive theory on the exercise self-control in old age. This resulted in the formulation of three propositions, namely that older adults exercise self-control differently, that there are several personal motivations involved in the exercise of self-control and that the exercise of self-control leads to life satisfaction. From the propositions emerged the Theory of Self-control in Old age, which states that the process of self-control encompasses the human capability of exercising self- restraint to overrun different types of desires, passions and temptations. Individuals possess this inner ability to display self-restraint. The theory posits that older adults vary in their exercise of self-control depending upon their personal motivations. Moreover, the display of self-control presupposes the involvement of varying personal motivations. The theory also assumes that the exercise of self-control results in life satisfaction as displaying self- control is attributed to a host of positive life outcomes.